DETECTION AND STAGING
A biopsy technique called a needle aspirate can be quite helpful in determining a MCT from any other benign or malignant process. The cells have a certain appearance which makes them easy to discern, making an initial diagnosis possible. Still, the sample will most likely be sent to the lab for a more definite finding, and to establish the next course of action.
Staging will find out the overall health of the dog in question as well as determine the stage of the cancer and whether or not it has spread to several areas. Everything depends on each individual case as to what is done. Minimal staging usually consists of routine blood work, urinalysis, and a lymph node evaluation.
Maximum staging includes additional blood work, an ultrasound, and aspiration and cytology of certain internal organs. Again, the determination as to what is done depends on the health of the patient, the size and location of the tumor, the grade of the tumor (explained below), the number of tumors detected, and the lymph node status.